Located in the eastern part of Peru, the region of Ucyali is distinguished by three distinct ecosystem landscapes: lowland rainforests, transitional 'brow' rainforests, and highraignforests. It is bordered to the North with the department of Loreto, to the West with the departments of Huánuco, Pasco and Junín; to the South by the departments of Cuzco and Madre de Dios and to the East with the Republic of Brazil. The capital of the department of Ucayali is the city of Pucallpa, located at 154 meters above sea level.
The department is comprises of four provinces: Coronel Portillo, Atalaya, Padre Abad and Purús; and 17 districts. The region has a wealth of natural resources and a high availability of water resources, flora and wildlife that provide a basis for productive economic activities.
The productive base of Ucayali is diversified, with the agricultural sector contributing to 19 percent of the region's economic output during the period 2001-2010. Although traditional crops such as banana, cassava, papaya, rice and corn continue to be important, there is a diversification towards higher value crops such as oil palm, cocoa, coffee and camu camu.
Ucayali is also characterized by having a very dynamic commercial activity because Pucallpa is the most important city in the central jungle of Peru. Manufacturing accounts for 15 percent of regional production and is largely supported by the development of the timber industry.
|Other service sectors||22.15|
|Agriculture, Livestock, Hunting and Forestry||8.69|
|Aguajal / Palmeral||255|
|National Protected Areas||323|
|Native titled communities||219|
|Timber forest concessions||118|
|Regional Conservation Areas||14|
|Concessions for conservation||8|
|Concessions for Forestation and Reforestation||0|
Ucayali does not have an official study identifying drivers of deforestation in the region. The National Strategy for Forests and Climate Change states that one of the main causes of deforestation in the whole of Amazonia is the cultivation of commercial coffee, cocoa, palm and livestock crops. Ucayali is one of the most productive regions in the Peruvian Amazon for these products.
|a.||Due to different methodological approaches and base years, Forest Status data fields may differ slightly. Data sources for each field are listed below.|
|1.||Según Informe “Situacion de limites político-administrativo del Departamento de Ucayali al año 2017, elaborado por la Direccion de Gestion del Territorio de la ARAU – GOREU|
|3.||(Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática - INEI, 2014) link|
|4.||Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática|
|5.||Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática|
|6.||(Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo - PNUD, 2013) link|
|7.||Sistema Integrado de Información de Comercio Exterior.|
|8.||Geobosques, Forest Cover 2001|
|11.||UN Environment, CDB Convention of Biological Diversity "https://www.cbd.int/doc/nbsap/sbsap/pe-sbsap-ucayali-es.pdf"|