The State of Mato Grosso is one of Brazil's main producers of agricultural products including soya, corn, beef, and cotton. It had historically high levels of deforestation until 2004, when rates dropped 93% between 2004 (11,814 km²) and 2010 (828 km²).
In 2009, the State developed an Action Plan to Prevent and Control Deforestation and Forest Fires in Mato Grosso (PPCDQ-MT). The Plan establishes a framework for coordinated action at the state-level, with the goal of achieving the State's voluntary forest emissions reduction target, which is consistent with the target established by the federal government. In addition to reducing deforestation and forest fires, the Plan seeks to increase the State's sustainable development efforts.
Mato Grosso's Department of Environment includes a Climate Change Coordinator, which has helped increase the Department's focus on climate change and REDD+. The State also created a State Forum on Climate Change in 2009, whose objective is to raise awareness and mobilize action on climate change. The Forum consists of governmental and non-governmental representatives. Its Climate Change Policy Working Group developed a Climate Change Policy that was approved by the Forum in October 2010. Its REDD+ Working Group is establishing a regulatory framework for REDD+, which is currently undergoing public review and consultation.
In partnership with NGOs, the State of Mato Grosso is developing a REDD+ project (Projeto Cotriguaçu) in the northwest of the state.