Cross River State Nigeria
Governor
Ben Ayade
Representative
Permanent Secretary - Cross River State Forestry Commission
Representative
Acting State REDD+ Coordinator

Over 90 per cent of Nigeria’s forests have already been cleared, and more than 50% of forested areas that remain in the country are found in Cross River State. Approximately 75% of Nigeria’s endangered tree species are only found in Cross River State. The State is considered one of the richest biodiversity reserves in all of Africa and is part of the “Gulf of Guinea” forests, a global biodiversity hotspot, with a rich diversity of primates, birds, butterflies, plants, reptiles, amphibians and other species.

Cross River's forests support 22 primate species, including endemics like the Cross River Gorilla, Drill monkey, and Preuss's Guenon monkey.

Cross River State has taken many steps to protect its forests, including the following:
1. Holding a Stakeholders Summit on the Environment in June 2008;
2. Enacting a two-year logging moratorium;
3. Establishing and supporting an anti-logging task force to enforce the moratorium, with approximately USD$1 million committed to this cause;
4. Implementing far-reaching reforms in the Cross River State Forestry Commission; and
5. Committing to plant 5 million indigenous trees annually, with the development of nurseries in progress across the state.

Within 10 years, Cross River State plans to have 1 million hectares of forest lands managed for climate change-friendly activities, including carbon, non-timber forest products, sustainable tree crops and ecotourism. This could generate substantial economic value for the state.

Summary

Total Land Area
23,074 km²[1]
2 % of Nigeria's Total Area
% of Land That Is Forest
26 %
17 % for Nigeria
Deforestation Trend

Demographics

Population of State/Province
2.89 Million[2]
% of National Population
2.06 %
Urban vs. Rural Population
Sources:[3]
Ethnic Groups

Economy

State/Province GDP
NGN 9.29 Billion[4]
Annual Per Capita Income
NGN 3,150[5]
GDP Breakdown
Sources:[6]
Human Development Index
0.471[7]
Main Exports
Rubber, palm oil and wood products[8]

Forest Status

Original Forest Area
12,160 km²[9]
Current Forest Area
6,102 km²[10]
Total Forest Carbon
--
Major Vegetation Types
Sources:[11][12][13]
Forest Management
Deforestation Rates
Sources:[12][14]
Total Area Deforested
6,058 km²
Main Deforestation Drivers
Unsustainable agricultural practices, Commercial logging, Forest fires, Cattle grazing, Inefficient use of forest resources, and Poor enforcement of forest laws, policies and regulations.[15]

Sources

Summary
1. Cross River State Government, 2006. About Cross River State.
Demographics
2. Otong et al., 2010. The Population Situation in Cross River State of Nigeria and Its Implication for Socio-Economic Development: Observations from the 1991 and 2006 Censuses.
3. Cross River State Government, About Cross River State.
Economy
4. Cross River State Government, Investment Promotion Bureau. Accessed on 24 June 2013, values for 2009.
5. Calculated using values from: Cross River State Government, Investment Promotion Bureau. Accessed on 24 June 2013, values for 2009.
6. Ayara, Ubi, Effiom, 2012. Adding Value to Service Sector Development in Nigeria: The Cross River State Experience, IJSST Vol. 1, No. 10.
7. UNDP, 2013. Human Development Report.
8. Macarthy Oyebo, Francis Bisong, and Tunde Morakinyo, A Preliminary Assessment of the Context for REDD in Nigeria, the Federal Ministry of Environment, the Cross River State’s Forestry Commission and the United Nations Development Program (Nov. 2010),.
Forest Status
9. Oyebo, Bisong & Morakinyo 2010. A preliminary assessment of the context for REDD in Nigeria. A Preliminary Assessment of the Context for REDD in Nigeria, Own calculationscommissioned by the Federal Ministry of Environment, the Cross River State's Forestry Comission and UNDP.
10. Federal Republic of Nigeria and Cross River State, 2010. A Preliminary Assessment of the Context for REDD in Nigeria, comissioned by the Federal Ministry of Environment, the Cross River State's Forestry Comission and UNDP.
11. Federal Republic of Nigeria and Cross River State, 2010. A Preliminary Assessment of the Context for REDD in Nigeria, comissioned by the Federal Ministry of Environment, the Cross River State's Forestry Comission and UNDP.
12. Oyebo, Bisong & Morakinyo 2010. A preliminary assessment of the context for REDD in Nigeria. A Preliminary Assessment of the Context for REDD in Nigeria,commissioned by the Federal Ministry of Environment, the Cross River State's Forestry Comission and UNDP.
13. Federal Republic of Nigeria and Cross River State, 2010. A Preliminary Assessment of the Context for REDD in Nigeria, comissioned by the Federal Ministry of Environment, the Cross River State's Forestry Comission and UNDP.
14. Oyebo, Bisong & Morakinyo 2010. A preliminary assessment of the context for REDD in Nigeria. A Preliminary Assessment of the Context for REDD in Nigeria, commissioned by the Federal Ministry of Environment, the Cross River State's Forestry Comission and UNDP.
15. Macarthy Oyebo, Francis Bisong, and Tunde Morakinyo, A Preliminary Assessment of the Context for REDD in Nigeria, the Federal Ministry of Environment, the Cross River State’s Forestry Commission and the United Nations Development Program (Nov. 2010).