Amazonas Brazil
Governor
José Melo de Oliveira
Representative
Diretora de Gestão Ambiental
Representative
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The State of Amazonas is Brazil’s largest state with an area of more than 1.5 million km², of which more than half is in protected areas. The state retains nearly 97% of its original forest cover and has the largest tropical forest carbon stock of any sub-national jurisdiction on the planet. Half of the state’s population of 3.3 million resides in the capital, Manaus, while the other half is distributed among 61 counties. Amazonas is home to 66 indigenous peoples. Furthermore, thousands of plants, animals, and insects—most of which are still unknown to science—are found in Amazonas’ forests.

Amazonas is a pioneer in establishing state-wide public policies related to climate change and designing positive incentives for forest conservation. In 2007, Amazonas established its State Policy on Climate Change (PEMC) (law 3.135/2007) and a complementary law (53/2007), which establishes the State System for Protected Areas (SEUC). These were followed by the development of the State’s Deforestation Prevention and Control Plan (PPCDAM), involving a broad range of state secretariats in an integrated effort to develop ways of reducing deforestation while creating new economic alternatives. Combined, these policies have helped to reduce deforestation from activities such as land grabbing, illegal logging, soy farming and cattle ranching from a 10-year average (1996-2005) of 868 km² to 474 km² in 2010.

Another strategy adopted by the Amazonas State Government was the creation of a public-private foundation, the Sustainable Amazonas Foundation (FAS), to manage the Bolsa Floresta Program (PBF). PBF is a pioneer pilot program for payments for ecosystem services that supports 15 State Protected Areas.

Summary

Total Land Area
1.56 Million km²[1]
18 % of Brazil's Total Area
% of Land That Is Forest
95 %
59 % for Brazil
Deforestation Trend

Demographics

Population of State/Province
3.48 Million[2]
% of National Population
1.68 %
Urban vs. Rural Population
Sources:[3]
Ethnic Groups
Sources:[3]

Economy

State/Province GDP
BRL 65.04 Billion[4]
Annual Per Capita Income
BRL 14,014[4]
GDP Breakdown
Sources:[4]
Human Development Index
0.713[5]
Main Exports
Industrial (electronics, motorcycles)

Forest Status

Original Forest Area
1.60 Million km²[6]
Current Forest Area
1.49 Million km²[6]
Total Forest Carbon
30,770 MtC
Major Vegetation Types
Sources:[7][8]
Forest Management
Sources:[10][9]
Deforestation Rates
Total Area Deforested
114,729 km²
Main Deforestation Drivers
Land Grabbing, Cattle Ranching, Illegal Logging, Agriculture[15]

Sources

Summary
1. IBGE.
Demographics
2. Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística - IBGE.
3. IBGE.
Economy
4. GOVERNO (SEPLAN) Anuário Estatístico do Amazonas (2009-2010). Manaus, volume 23, 2011.
5. PNUD 2003, Atlas de Desenvolvimento Humano 2003.
Forest Status
6. MMA, 2004. Uso e Cobertura da Terra na Floresta Amazônica, São José dos Campos.
7. PPCD-AM.
8. PPCDA-AM.
9. SDS, 2008. Plano Estadual de Prevenção e Combate ao Desmatamento no Amazonas, Manaus.
10. SDS/IPAAM.
11. Prodes / INPE.
12. Prodes / INPE.
13. Prodes / INPE.
14. Prodes.
15. TerraClass INPE / EMBRAPASDS/IPAAM.