Brazil

Law Project nr.195/2011 – Aims to institute a National REDD+ system (under formulation)

Senate Law Project 212/2011 – Aims to institute a National REDD+ system (under formulation)

Law nr. 11.284/2006 – Establishes the Federal law for the management of public forests

Law nr. 12.727/2012 – Creates the New Brazilian Forest Code

Law Decree nr 7.390/2010 – Regulates the National Policy on Climate Change (created by law nr 12.187/2009)

Law Decree nr 7.343/2010 - Regulates the Climate Change National Fund (created by law nr 12.114/2009)

Law nr 12.651/2012 - Revised national Forest Code which guides the management over forest resources in Brazil and delegates the mapping and registering of all rural properties to the states.

Decree 7.378/2010 - approves the macro ecological and economic zoning for the amazon[1]

Brazil has developed some important plans and policies to address deforestation and climate change, the most significant being the National Policy on Climate Change and the Action Plan for Prevention and Control of the Legal Amazon Deforestation. The National Policy on Climate Change, established in 2009, has objectives of reducing deforestation in all biomes and increasing the use of renewable energy and biofuels, among other things.  The Policy created guidelines for meeting it's objectives including an emission reduction target for Brazil (36.1% - 38.9% by 2020), sectoral plans for mitigation and adaptation and identifies instruments and financial mechanisms to help achieve the goals. 

The National Policy also establishes a deforestation reduction target for the Amazon biome of 80% by 2020 from the average deforestation rate between 1996-2005 and a 40% reduction from the average deforestation rate between 1999-2008 for the Cerrado biome.

The National Policy is regulated by Law Decree 7,390/2010 which outlines five sector-specific mitigation action plans, among other things:

  • Action Plan for Prevention and Control of Deforestation in the Legal Amazon (PPCDAm)
  • Action Plan for Prevention and Control of Deforestation and Forest Fires in the Cerrado (PPCerrado)
  • Decennial Plan for Energy Expansion (PDE)
  • Plan for consolidation of Low Carbon Agriculture (ABC Plan)
  • Plan for Reducing Emissions from the Steel Sector

The PPCDAm and PPCerrado are the primary strategies that will help Brazil reach the objectives of its National Policy. Both Plans are composed of a set of integrated actions, that include territorial and tenure planning, monitoring and environmental control and fostering sustainable activities. 

At the subnational level, all Brazilian Amazon states have completed their plans for control and prevention of deforestation in alignment with the guidelines established by the National Policy.  These plans can be found on the state pages. The completion of a state plan to address deforestation is one of the requirements for a seat on the board of the Amazon Fund. 

Brazil launched a National Strategy for REDD + (ENREDD +) in 2015 (Ordinance 370). It formalizes the strategy to reduce deforestation by 2020 under the UNFCCC, focusing on coordinated actions to prevent and control deforestation and forest degradation, promote forest restoration and the promotion of sustainable development. In 2015 the federal government launched a REDD+ commision (CONAREDD, created by Decree No. 8,576 / 2015) which has representatives from the national government, indigenous peoples, civil society, and two representatives from GCF member states.  To date CONAREDD has convened for two meetings.

 Many of the states have also been developing state policies on climate change and REDD+.

Brazil has also submitted their iNDC under the UNFCCC (2015) with a commitment to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 37% below 2005 levels by 2025 and 43% below 2005 levels by 2030. The forest component of this ambitious commitment includes: a) strengthening and enforcing the implementation of the Forest Code, at federal, state and municipal levels; b) strengthening policies and measures with a view to achieve, in the Brazilian Amazon, zero illegal deforestation by 2030 and compensate for greenhouse gas emissions from legal suppression of vegetation by 2030; c) restoring and reforesting 12 million hectares of forests by 2030, for multiple purposes; d) enhancing sustainable native forest management systems, through georeferencing and tracking systems applicable to native forest management, with a view to curb illegal and unsustainable practices.

It has also submitted a Forest Reference Emission Level (FREL) to the convention as well as a Summary of information on how the Cancun safeguards were addressed and respected by Brazil throughout the implementation of actions to reduceemissions from deforestation in the Amazon biomebetween 2006 and 2010. 

National Policy on Climate Change

Low Carbon Agriculture Plan of Brazil

National Plan on Climate Change (Decree 6.263)

Plan for Prevention and Control of Deforestation and Forest Fires in the Cerrado

Plan for Prevention and Control of Deforestation in the Amazon

Sustainable Amazon Plan

Law Decree 7390/2010

National REDD+ Strategy (and Executive Summary)

Brazil iNDC (English)

Brazil Forest Reference Emission Level

Brazil Safeguard Monitoring

Demographics

National Population
206.79 Million[2]
Urban vs. Rural Population
Sources:[3]
Ethnic Groups
Sources:[4][5]

Economy

National GDP
BRL 5.90 Trillion[6]
Annual Per Capita Income
BRL 28,876[7]
GDP Breakdown
Sources:[8]
Human Development Index
755.000[9]
Main Exports
Mining, petroleum, transportation equipment, soy, sugar, ethanol, meat & coffee.[10]

Overview

Total Land Area
8.51 Million km²[11]
Percent of Country that is Forested
59 %[12]
Deforestation Trend
29 % Increase
2015 - 2016
Financed REDD+ Projects in GCF States
18
Annual Deforestation Rate

GCF Member States/Provinces

Acre
Carbon Accounting Status
Deforestation Trend
--
Current REDD+ Program Progress
Plan for Prevention and Control of Deforestation Under Implementation
REDD+ Related Laws Under Implementation
Ecological and Economic Zoning Under Implementation
Land Registry --
Deforestation Rates
 
Amapá
Carbon Accounting Status
Deforestation Trend
--
Current REDD+ Program Progress
Plan for Prevention and Control of Deforestation --
REDD+ Related Laws --
Ecological and Economic Zoning --
Land Registry --
Deforestation Rates
 
Amazonas
Carbon Accounting Status
Deforestation Trend
--
Current REDD+ Program Progress
Plan for Prevention and Control of Deforestation Under Implementation
REDD+ Related Laws Under Implementation
Ecological and Economic Zoning --
Land Registry --
Deforestation Rates
 
Maranhão
Carbon Accounting Status
Deforestation Trend
25 % Increase
Current REDD+ Program Progress
Plan for Prevention and Control of Deforestation --
REDD+ Related Laws --
Ecological and Economic Zoning --
Land Registry --
Deforestation Rates
 
Mato Grosso
Carbon Accounting Status
Deforestation Trend
--
Current REDD+ Program Progress
Plan for Prevention and Control of Deforestation --
REDD+ Related Laws --
Ecological and Economic Zoning --
Land Registry --
Deforestation Rates
 
Pará
Carbon Accounting Status
Deforestation Trend
--
Current REDD+ Program Progress
Plan for Prevention and Control of Deforestation --
REDD+ Related Laws --
Ecological and Economic Zoning --
Land Registry --
Deforestation Rates
 
Rondônia
Carbon Accounting Status
Deforestation Trend
--
Current REDD+ Program Progress
Plan for Prevention and Control of Deforestation --
REDD+ Related Laws --
Ecological and Economic Zoning --
Land Registry --
Deforestation Rates
 
Tocantins
Carbon Accounting Status
Deforestation Trend
--
Current REDD+ Program Progress
Plan for Prevention and Control of Deforestation Under Implementation
REDD+ Related Laws Under Development
Ecological and Economic Zoning Under Development
Land Registry Under Implementation
Deforestation Rates
 

Sources

Summary
1. Brazilian Legislation Database.
Demographics
2. Projeção do IBGE.
3. IBGE 2012. Censo Demográfico 2010.
4. IBGE 2013. Censo Demográfico 2010.
5. IBGE 2013. Censo Demográfico 2010.
Economy
6. IBGE.
7. IBGE.
8. IBGE.
9. PNUD.
10. Ministério da Indústria, Comércio Exterior e Serviços.
Overview
11. IBGE 2012.
12. FAO.
13. PRODES - INPE.
14. PRODES - INPE.
15. PRODES - INPE.
16. PRODES.